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Egg Fried Rice Recipe


You can even reheat it straight from frozen, cooking it with the greens. Learn tips on how to make this scrumptious fried rice recipe in simply minutes. Your family can take pleasure in authentic fried rice with very little work. Our entire household loves fried rice however take out will get costly particularly for a big family like ours.

Using an extended grain rice will produce one of the best results and is most commonly used. All contents and images are my authentic work, until and in any other case talked about. Scallion – I chopped scallions into 1-inch pieces, since it provides a pleasant finish and crunch to the rice.

Tips On How To Retailer And Reheat Leftovers

Little to so much is all as much as you. Don’t be afraid to go wild or keep true to the recipe. You will get pleasure from the extra flavoring soy sauce has to offer mixed with veggies and rice. Don’t have leftover rice available, however nonetheless craving egg fried rice? Then try this Egg fried rice in instant pot.

1.She used a bag of frozen combined veggies cooked within the microwave. Add the leftover rice, and toss round for 1 minute, making an attempt to interrupt up any clumps of rice. There are many renditions you can even make, but this is what we’d consider the basic. Enjoy this straightforward Fried Rice Recipe in less than 10 minutes making it perfect for busy weeknights. Make this rice in much less time than it takes to get take out. The more fats you add, the better it’s the “fry” the fried rice, and due to this fact, it prevents the rice from getting soggy.


It at all times excites me if you guys make my recipes and I hope that is one you strive. Push rice to the side of the wok and add remaining half of tablespoon oil. Break the egg into the oil and season with slightly salt. Use a spatula to scramble the egg, breaking it up into small bits.

Is it rude to put soy sauce on rice?

Adding soy sauce to fried rice is, well, rude

Besides the added sodium, according to Delish, adding soy sauce to fried rice in a Chinese restaurant is actually considered offensive to the chef. Professional chefs have been trained to create a perfectly-seasoned dish.

Watch Live: U.N. Security Council Meets on Ukraine


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Recent episodes in Live Journalism

TimesTalks ​ — live and video conversations between New York Times journalists and leading talents and thinkers — entertain and​ inspire audiences ​in New York and ​throughout the world. Learn more.

TimesTalks ​ — live and video conversations between New York Times journalists and leading talents and thinkers — entertain and​ inspire audiences ​in New York and ​throughout the world. <a href= ” more.</a>

Watch Live: Iran’s Leader Addresses U.N. General Assembly


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Recent episodes in Live Journalism

TimesTalks ​ — live and video conversations between New York Times journalists and leading talents and thinkers — entertain and​ inspire audiences ​in New York and ​throughout the world. Learn more.

TimesTalks ​ — live and video conversations between New York Times journalists and leading talents and thinkers — entertain and​ inspire audiences ​in New York and ​throughout the world. <a href= ” more.</a>

Watch Live: World Leaders Speak at U.N. General Assembly


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Recent episodes in Live Journalism

TimesTalks ​ — live and video conversations between New York Times journalists and leading talents and thinkers — entertain and​ inspire audiences ​in New York and ​throughout the world. Learn more.

TimesTalks ​ — live and video conversations between New York Times journalists and leading talents and thinkers — entertain and​ inspire audiences ​in New York and ​throughout the world. <a href= ” more.</a>

Read the Order of Service for Queen Elizabeth II’s State Funeral


Page 10 of 22

All remain standing. The Very Reverend Dr David Hoyle MBE, Dean of Westminster, gives



grief and also in profound we come to this House of God, to a

of prayer, to a church where remembrance and hope are sacred duties. Here, where Queen Elizabeth was married and crowned, we gather from across the nation, from the Commonwealth, and from the nations of the world, to mourn our loss, to remember her long life of selfless service, and in sure confidence to commit her to the mercy of God our maker and redeemer.

With gratitude we remember her unswerving commitment to a high calling over so many years as Queen and Head of the Commonwealth. With admiration we recall her life-long sense of duty and dedication to her people. With thanksgiving we praise God for her constant example of Christian faith and devotion. With affection we recall her love for her family and her commitment to the causes she held dear.

Now, in silence, let us in our hearts and minds recall our many reasons for thanksgiving, pray for all members of her family, and commend Queen Elizabeth to the care and keeping of almighty God.

A brief silence is kept.

MERCIFUL God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the resurrection

Om of our shall have, though he d

whosoever liveth, and believeth in him, shall not die eternally; who hast taught us, by his holy Apostle Saint Paul, not to be sorry, as men without hope, for them that sleep in him: We meekly beseech thee, O Father, to raise us from the death of sin unto the life of righteousness; that, when we shall depart this life, we may rest in him, as our hope is this our sister doth; and that, at the general Resurrection in the last day, we may be found acceptable in thy sight; and receive that blessing, which thy well-beloved Son shall then pronounce to all that love and fear thee, saying, Come, ye blessed children of my Father, receive the kingdom prepared for you from the beginning of the world. Grant this, we beseech thee, O merciful Father, through Jesus Christ, our mediator and redeemer. Amen.

Map: Tracking Tracking Typhoon Nanmadol


Typhoon Nanmadol is expected to surge through the Philippine Sea toward Japan this weekend, bringing heavy winds and rain.

As of Saturday morning in Japan, the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System had warned that more than 39 million people could be exposed to a storm that is at a Category 1 level or higher.

The terms typhoon, hurricane and cyclone all refer to tropical cyclones; the term that is applied to a given storm depends on where it originates. Typhoons develop in the northwestern Pacific and usually affect Asia. Hurricanes form in the North Atlantic, the northeastern Pacific, the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico.

In the Atlantic, major hurricanes are defined as tropical cyclones with maximum sustained winds of 111 m.p.h. or higher and are classed as either Category 3, 4 or 5 storms. But in the Asia Pacific region, there are variations in how individual countries grade typhoons.

Europe Is Sacrificing Its Ancient Forests for Energy


Governments bet billions on burning timber for green power. The Times went deep into one of the continent’s oldest woodlands to track the hidden cost.

Burning wood was never supposed to be the cornerstone of the European Union’s green energy strategy.

When the bloc began subsidizing wood burning over a decade ago, it was seen as a quick boost for renewable fuel and an incentive to move homes and power plants away from coal and gas. Chips and pellets were marketed as a way to turn sawdust waste into green power.

Those subsidies gave rise to a booming market, to the point that wood is now Europe’s largest renewable energy source, far ahead of wind and solar.

European governments count wood power toward their clean-energy targets. But research shows it can be dirtier than coal.

Andreea Campeanu for The New York Times

But today, as demand surges amid a Russian energy crunch, whole trees are being harvested for power. And evidence is mounting that Europe’s bet on wood to address climate change has not paid off.

Forests in Finland and Estonia, for example, once seen as key assets for reducing carbon from the air, are now the source of so much logging that government scientists consider them carbon emitters. In Hungary, the government waived conservation rules last month to allow increased logging in old-growth forests.

And while European nations can count wood power toward their clean-energy targets, the E.U. scientific research agency said last year that burning wood released more carbon dioxide than would have been emitted had that energy come from fossil fuels.

“People buy wood pellets thinking they’re the sustainable choice, but in reality, they’re driving the destruction of Europe’s last wild forests,” said David Gehl of the Environmental Investigation Agency, a Washington-based advocacy group that has studied wood use in Central Europe.

The industry has become so big that researchers cannot keep track of it. E.U. official research could not identify the source of 120 million metric tons of wood used across the continent last year — a gap bigger than the size of Finland’s entire timber industry. Researchers say most of that probably was burned for heating and electricity.

The E.U. consumes more wood pellets than any other region

Source: Bioenergy Europe

Next week, the European Parliament is scheduled to vote on a bill that would eliminate most industry subsidies and prohibit countries from burning whole trees to meet their clean energy targets. Only energy from wood waste like sawdust would qualify as renewable, and thus be eligible for subsidies.

But several European governments say that now is no time to meddle with an important energy industry, with supplies of Russian gas and oil in jeopardy. In the Czech Republic, protesters have mobbed the streets, furious with rising energy costs, and the French authorities have warned of rolling blackouts this winter.

Internal documents show that Central European and Nordic countries, in particular, are pushing hard to keep the wood subsidies alive.

The debate is an acute example of one of the key challenges that governments face in fighting climate change: how to balance the urgency of a warming planet against the immediate need for jobs, energy and economic stability. The European Union has been a leader in setting green policies, but it is also racing to find energy sources as Russia throttles back its supply of natural gas.

In documents circulated among lawmakers about the proposed rule change, Latvia warned of a “possible negative impact on investment and businesses.” Denmark argued that these decisions should be left to national governments. A winter without reliable Russian gas looms over the debate.

Scientists have warned of this moment for years.

Loading logs onto a truck in the forest around the Gurghiu Mountains in northern Romania.

Andreea Campeanu for The New York Times

To have a chance of fighting climate change, countries must reduce the amount of carbon dioxide they release into the air. That will require a shift away from fossil fuels. The European Union has required countries to meet aggressive renewable-energy targets. Wood qualifies as renewable energy, on the logic that trees ultimately grow back.

In 2018, the last time the subsidies came up for a vote, nearly 800 scientists signed a letter urging lawmakers to stop treating logged trees as a green source of energy. While trees can be replanted, it can take generations for a growing forest to reabsorb the carbon dioxide from burned wood.

“Using wood deliberately harvested for burning will increase carbon in the atmosphere and warming for decades to centuries,” the scientists wrote.

One of the authors of that letter, Tim Searchinger, a Princeton environmental science scholar, said European lawmakers were understandably eager to find green energy, but they incorrectly lumped all renewable sources together. “I’m not sure people were thinking much about wood at all when they passed these laws,” he said.

Even one of the godfathers of the policy, the former European Union environmental official Jorgen Henningsen, went to his death bed last year regretting pushing so aggressively for wood energy.

Today, as the debate intensifies, environmental advocacy groups are using new tools to argue that it is time to change course.

Experts with the Environmental Investigation Agency, working with a loose network of forestry conservationists, have spent nearly a year hiking into some of the continent’s oldest forests and attaching tracking devices to trees. They have scraped government truck-location data and tracked trees from natural parks and conservation areas to wood mills. They have linked loggers to companies marketing wood pellets as carbon-neutral fuel.

They found that pillaging Europe’s last standing wild forests to make pellets has become a widespread practice in Central Europe.

Delivering wood to Ameco, one of Romania’s biggest pellet-producing companies.

Andreea Campeanu for The New York Times

The New York Times supplemented the group’s data with publicly available records. A reporter and photographer spent four days hiking through Romania’s forests, which represent two-thirds of the European Union’s virgin woodlands. There, they documented clearcutting and followed trucks from ecologically sensitive forests.

Although logging is not forbidden in Europe’s protected forests, governments are required to conduct environmental assessments to ensure the land is being conserved. But experts say that such assessments are rare. Last year, the European Court of Auditors raised the alarm on these supposedly protected forests, finding many of them in “bad or poor conservation status.”

Today, after a 2,200-foot hike up Ceahlau Mountain in Romania, a trail of wooden carcasses is visible below, a scar across one of Europe’s last old-growth forests where 200-year-old trees once stood.

Further down the mountain, logs were loaded on a truck branded for Ameco, one of Romania’s biggest pellet producers. “Pellet production offers the possibility to use waste from agriculture and forestry,” the company says on its website. Its pellet bags are labeled as coming exclusively from sawdust and wood chips.

Times journalists saw trees from Romania’s protected forests being fed into Ameco grinders.

Damage from logging in Romania’s Cheile Bicazului-Hasmas National Park

Logs have been shipped to Ameco and other companies that make pellets.

Trails carved by

logging vehicles

Trails carved by

logging vehicles

Trails carved by

logging vehicles

Satellite images from Planet Labs

The company also says its product does not emit greenhouse gas when burned. Scientists have calculated that, per unit of energy, burning wood actually releases more greenhouse gas emissions than burning gas, oil, or even coal.

Ameco declined interview requests. In an email, an Ameco sales manager denied that the company logged from ecologically sensitive forests. When The Times replied that reporters had witnessed six truckloads from these sites, and that Ameco’s own shipping data showed hundreds more, a second company representative responded, acknowledging the shipments but saying they were all legal.

According to the Environmental Investigation Agency’s data, most major pellet plants in Romania have received whole logs from protected forests. The group calculated that about a third of wood shipments to these factories originated in protected areas.

“Once you cut down these old trees, you degrade ecosystems that took centuries to form with little human intervention,” said Dan-Catalin Turiga, a forest engineer who accompanied Times reporters. Mr. Turiga is also an investigator with an environmental organization called Agent Green, which collaborated on the tree-tracking initiative.

Mr. Turiga pointed to logging roads cut on very steep slopes, causing erosion and runoff into waterways. “Planting new trees won’t restore the biodiversity that existed,” he said.

Dan-Catalin Turiga, a forest engineer and investigator with the environmental group Agent Green supported by EuroNatur, in Romania’s Cheile Bicazului-Hasmas National Park.

Andreea Campeanu for The New York Times

Forest owners, state or private, are supposed to replace cut trees with new ones within two years to help balance the carbon cycle. But environmental groups have shown over the years that this is not always done. Times journalists saw wide swaths of land that had been registered as logged years ago, yet no replanting was done. In some cases, saplings died, possibly because of the degraded soil.

Reporters also saw an unregistered truck hauling wood, the sort of logging that helps explain why European researchers are unable to identify the source of so much timber. The Environmental Investigation Agency found repeated examples of unregistered shipments. In some cases, shipments were understated or identical load weights were recorded several days in a row.

This could qualify as illegal logging in Romania. The country’s environmental ministry did not respond to written questions about these shipments, the proposed law change and the pellet industry in general.

Reports of wood harvesting inside protected areas and outside protected areas in the past year

Source: Romania’s timber tracking system, SUMAL, compiled by the Environmental Investigation Agency

The Environmental Investigation Agency tracked logs from ecologically significant forests to 10 pellet mills and three power plants in Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia and Poland.

Bioenergy Europe, a trade association, said problems were rare. When harvested correctly and sustainably, wood remains important at a time when Europe is desperate to find domestic, renewable sources of energy, said Irene di Padua, the group’s policy director.

“We still can increase capacity in Europe in a sustainable way,” she said.

The association opposes cutting subsidies or changing the way clean energy is defined. If the European Union no longer considers energy from burnt wood to be carbon-neutral, it would immediately throw many countries off track to hit renewable-energy targets.

That would have major consequences for countries like Italy, the continent’s largest consumer of wood pellets. More than a third of its renewable energy comes from burning plant material. For years, the Italian government has offered tax deductions to encourage buying pellet stoves.

Similar tax breaks are in place in other countries, along with financial incentives for wood producers. Those incentives could be unlawful if the new proposal comes into force.

The remains of an old tree cut in Ceahlau National Park.

Andreea Campeanu for The New York Times

Even if the European Parliament endorses a change, however, the details must be worked out in negotiations with national governments.

The governments of Germany, Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg have signaled support for ending the subsidies. Other countries have stayed largely silent.

While environmental groups are still optimistic, even the most strident supporters of the rule change acknowledge that the Russian energy crisis has made the politics challenging. Natural gas prices have increased tenfold over the past year, and many Europeans fear being unable to afford to heat their homes this winter.

“We need more domestic renewable energy and self-sufficiency, not less,” Antti Kurvinen, the Finnish minister for agriculture and forestry, wrote on Twitter in May. “I will fully promote forest energy.”

Andreea Campeanu for The New York Times

Map: Tracking Typhoon Hinnamnor – The New York Times


Typhoon Hinnamnor made landfall in South Korea Tuesday morning, bringing heavy rain and wind. Read our live coverage here.

The storm is generating powerful winds of at least tropical storm force over a wide swath that also includes parts of China and Japan.

Hinnamnor comes about a month after record-setting rainfall brought deadly flooding to Seoul.

The terms typhoon, hurricane and cyclone all refer to tropical cyclones; the term that is applied to a given storm depends on where it originates. Typhoons develop in the northwestern Pacific and usually affect Asia. Hurricanes form in the North Atlantic, the northeastern Pacific, the Caribbean Sea or the Gulf of Mexico.

In the Atlantic, major hurricanes are defined as tropical cyclones with maximum sustained winds of 111 m.p.h. or higher and are classed as either Category 3, 4 and 5 storms. But in the Asia Pacific region, there are variations in how individual countries grade typhoons.

Deep-Sea Riches: Mining a Remote Ecosystem


Today, billions of tons of these nodules cover wide swaths of the ocean floor, several miles below the surface.

A nodule field in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone.GEOMAR

One of the largest areas is the Clarion-Clipperton Zone, which covers 1.7 million miles of the Pacific seabed and holds vast fields of nodules.

Territorial waters,

200 nautical miles

from shore

Territorial waters,

200 nautical miles

from shore

Territorial waters,

200 nautical miles

from shore

Source: International Seabed Authority

Life Among the Nodules

Polymetallic nodules are an anchor for a fragile and slow-growing ecosystem that includes species found nowhere else on Earth.

For creatures that cannot easily swim, nodules are islands to settle on and build a life. The muddy seafloor is too soft to be a home for them.

Glass sponges are the most common sponges in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone. They can live for thousands of years and provide important habitats for other creatures. They are living archives, recording the ancient climate of the deep sea in their skeletons, like tree rings.

Several glass sponges grow on top of one another, including a brown vase-like sponge in the genus Oopsacas and a white sponge in the family Euplectellidae.GEOMAR

Other species float and swim over the nodule fields.

An unidentified species of jellyfish.GEOMAR

This rippling squidworm — which is a worm, not a squid — hovers over the nodules, settling only to feed.

A squidworm uses its tentacle-like appendages to collect marine snow, organic particles falling from the upper ocean.Craig Smith, DeepCCZ Project

Carnivorous sponges tethered to nodules snare small crustaceans scuttling nearby.

Two carnivorous sponges. On the left, a species in the genus Cladorhiza. On the right, a ping-pong tree sponge in the genus Chondrocladia, which uses hooks to capture its prey.Craig Smith, DeepCCZ Project

Some creatures even live in crevices in the nodules, such as this pearlescent worm.

Photograph of a polychaete worm living in a nodule crevice.

A worm burrowed in a nodule.A.G. Glover, H. Wiklund, T.G. Dahlgren, M.J. Brasier

Many of the species discovered so far in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone are found only on the nodules themselves. If the nodules go, they will, too.

Photograph of a polychaete worm.

The polychaete worm Neanthes goodayi, new to science, lives among the nodules.A.G. Glover, H. Wiklund, T.G. Dahlgren, M.J. Brasier

Harvesting Nodules

Mining companies describe the nodules as a “battery in a rock” because they contain the essential metals for a clean energy economy that is dependent on batteries and electric vehicles.

The Clarion-Clipperton Zone lies in international waters and is overseen by the International Seabed Authority. Large areas have been set aside for different countries to mine, but commercial mining has not yet begun.

Two deep-sea species of sea cucumber, one sitting and one swimming.GEOMAR

The actual mining is straightforward: Dredge or vacuum the nodules up from the muddy sediment. But removing nodules destroys everything that lives on them.

Scientists collecting a sample of the black coral Antipatharia.GEOMAR

Mining the seafloor also stirs up gritty plumes that can travel as far as five miles. These sediment clouds can bury fields of nodules, choke the filters of sponges and anemones living outside the mining zone and obscure bioluminescence that squid and fish use to hunt and mate.

A cloud of fine sediment billowing from the seafloor, caused by a remotely operated vehicle. A mining head — many times larger and faster — could make a larger cloud. (Engineers are looking for ways to limit the size of the plumes.)Craig Smith, DeepCCZ Project

Without nodules, many of these species will not be able to resettle the disturbed seafloor. And with very little natural water movement this deep, dredging scars can persist for decades.

A Dumbo octopus floats over a gouge in the seafloor.GEOMAR

After eight years, the edges and grooves of a Belgian dredging scar are still sharp.

The Belgian area of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone.GEOMAR

After 37 years, a French dredging scar is softened but still bare.

The French section of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone.GEOMAR

Dividing the Seafloor

The Clarion-Clipperton Zone is currently divided into 16 exploration areas controlled by different countries, including areas reserved for some of the world’s less developed nations. Other exploration areas have been designated in the Atlantic Ocean and the western Pacific.

Researchers lower a vehicle to study the seafloor.GEOMAR

The metals found in nodules can be mined from land, but some of those mines are riddled with human-rights abuses. Terrestrial mining also carries a heavy environmental cost: clearing forests, contaminating air, polluting water and threatening biodiversity.

Deep-sea mining of the world’s largest habitat — and the little-known species that inhabit it — may begin in earnest as early as 2024.

John Hopkins Lacrosse Shorts On Popscreen


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How China Could Choke Taiwan’s Economy With a Blockade


For decades, Beijing has had its sights on Taiwan, the self-governing island that China claims as its own. It has built up the People’s Liberation Army with the goal of ultimately taking Taiwan, if efforts to unify peacefully fail. It has modernized its forces, developing the world’s largest navy that now challenges American supremacy in the seas around Taiwan.

While China likely still lacks the ability to quickly invade and seize Taiwan, it could try to impose a blockade to force the island into concessions or as a precursor to wider military action. In this scenario, China would attempt to subdue Taiwan by choking it and its 23 million people in a ring of ships and aircraft, cutting it off physically, economically and even digitally.

China tried to use its military exercises this month to signal confidence in the People’s Liberation Army’s ability to encircle Taiwan. The military fired ballistic missiles into the waters off Taiwan, 80 miles off China’s coast, sending at least four high over the island itself, according to Japan, and conducted exercises in zones closer to the island than ever before.

Chinese military helicopters off the shore of Fujian Province, just across the strait from Taiwan, on the first day of China’s military drills earlier this month.

Hector Retamal/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

In “The Science of Strategy,” a key textbook for People’s Liberation Army officers, Taiwan is not mentioned, but the target is clear. The textbook describes a “strategic blockade” as a way to “destroy the enemy’s external economic and military connections, degrade its operational capacity and war-fighting potential, and leave it isolated and unaided.”

During this month’s exercises, China avoided more provocative moves that could have triggered a more forceful response from Taiwan. But it still sought to convey real menace, putting Taiwan on notice about the risks of not meeting Beijing’s demands.

“I think they have shown their intentions, encircling Taiwan and countering foreign intervention,” said Ou Si-fu, a research fellow at the Institute for National Defense and Security Research, which is affiliated with Taiwan’s defense ministry. “Their assumption was ‘Taiwan can be isolated, and so next I can fight you’.”

Real Blockade Would Seek to Repel U.S. Forces

After Speaker Nancy Pelosi defied Beijing’s warnings and visited Taiwan on Aug. 2, China retaliated by deploying warplanes, ships and missiles for 72 hours of drills. It declared six exercise areas around Taiwan, including off the island’s eastern coast, in an effort to project its power farther from the Chinese mainland.

The exercises were not a full-scale rehearsal. In a real blockade, the 11 missiles that China fired into seas around Taiwan would have served little military purpose because they were designed to strike land targets, not ships. China did not roll out its most advanced weaponry. It flew planes near Taiwan, not over it. Although three of the sea zones China had designated for exercises intruded on territorial waters claimed by Taiwan, in practice Chinese missiles and ships avoided those waters.

“This is political warfare,” said Drew Thompson, a senior fellow at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore who formerly worked in the Pentagon. “The political aspect of what they do is sometimes more important than the actual training that they’re undertaking.”

An actual blockade would involve hundreds more ships and aircraft, as well as submarines, trying to seal off Taiwan’s ports and airports and repel possible intervention by warships and planes sent by the United States and its allies.

In a blockade, China would also need to control the skies. China has an array of naval and air bases on its east coast opposite Taiwan, and many more up and down its coast. The Chinese military could also try to shoot down enemy planes with surface-to-air missiles, or even strike at U.S. bases in Guam and Japan.

U.S. military bases

U.S. military

base locations

U.S. military

base locations

U.S. military

base locations

Source: US Department of Defense.

China’s military strategists see a blockade as a strategy that gives them flexibility to tighten or loosen a noose around Taiwan, depending on Beijing’s objectives.

China could impose a limited blockade by stopping and screening ships, without attacking Taiwan’s ports. Given Taiwan’s dependence on imports of fuel and food, even a temporary blockade could shock the island politically and economically, giving China a forceful way to press its demands.

“This makes it possible to start and stop once Taiwan ‘learns its lesson,’” said Phillip C. Saunders of the National Defense University, who is a co-editor of a new collection of essays assessing Chinese military choices for Taiwan.

But the People’s Liberation Army trains for a blockade that “would be violent and would generate a lot of international costs,” Mr. Saunders said. In that scenario, China could use a blockade to support an attempt at a full invasion. That step could unleash a potentially protracted and devastating conflict, as well as a major international backlash against China that would bring it economic damage and political isolation.

The uncertainties of the outcome from any war at sea and in the air would be immense for all involved.

China Sees Information as a Key Battleground

In a real conflict to seize Taiwan, China would also seek to control the information landscape. It could use propaganda, disinformation, cyberwarfare and other tools in the hope of drumming up support at home and sowing fear and discord in Taiwan and across the world.

During the recent exercises, the People’s Liberation Army put out a torrent of videos, pictures and reports that blurred the line between propaganda and misinformation. The campaign included footage of jet fighters taking off, missiles fired, warships on patrol and a hospital train ferrying troops, all intended to show a force ready for combat. But it also appeared to exaggerate Chinese capabilities by depicting its forces as bigger and closer to Taiwan than they were in reality.

Chinese military planners regard cyberwarfare as important in any conflict, and experts say that in a real conflict China would use cyberattacks to try to knock out Taiwan’s communications and even paralyze some of its weapons. “Whoever controls information and controls the internet will have the whole world,” the Chinese military’s main textbook on strategy says, citing the late American futurist, Alvin Toffler.

During Ms. Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, the island experienced sporadic, unsophisticated cyberattacks of unclear origin, creating more nuisance than disruption. At least four Taiwanese government websites endured brief cyberattacks. Hackers took over electronic displays at several 7-Eleven stores and at the Xinzuoying train station in Kaohsiung to display messages condemning Ms. Pelosi.

“The sneaky visit of the old witch to Taiwan is a serious provocation to the sovereignty of the motherland. Those who actively welcome it will eventually be judged by the people. The blood ties of the same race are hard to cut and will continue to be bonded together, and the great China will eventually be unified!”

An electronic display that was hacked, at the Xinzuoying train station in Kaohsiung.

“The sneaky visit of the old witch to Taiwan is a serious provocation to the sovereignty of the motherland. Those who actively welcome it will eventually be judged by the people. The blood ties of the same race are hard to cut and will continue to be bonded together, and the great China will eventually be unified!”

An electronic display that was hacked, at the Xinzuoying train station in Kaohsiung.

“The sneaky visit of the old witch to Taiwan is a serious provocation to the sovereignty of the motherland. Those who actively welcome it will eventually be judged by the people. The blood ties of the same race are hard to cut and will continue to be bonded together, and the great China will eventually be unified!”

An electronic display that was hacked, at the Xinzuoying train station in Kaohsiung.

In an actual conflict, China could also try to sever or disable undersea cables that carry about 90 percent of the data that connects Taiwan to the world, some military experts on the island said. The cables’ “main weak point is where they emerge from the bottom of the sea,” said Mr. Ou, the Taiwanese researcher.

Cutting Taiwan’s undersea cables would also spark chaos affecting other interconnected countries in the region, such as Japan and South Korea.

Map of submarine fiber optic cables around Taiwan


direct connections


direct connections


direct connections

Source: TeleGeography Global Bandwidth research.

China Is Creating a New Normal

Even after completing this month’s large-scale drills, the People’s Liberation Army has continued to intensify its presence in the Taiwan Strait. Chinese military forces have increased their flights over the so-called median line, an informal boundary between the two sides that they had rarely crossed in the past.

These flights signal a new normal for Chinese military activity closer to Taiwan, underscoring Beijing’s position that it does not accept the island’s claims of sovereign boundaries. Increasingly frequent and close-up exercises also raise the risk that Taiwan could become desensitized and be caught by a surprise attack. It would take minutes for a jet screaming across that line to be over the island if it stayed its course, instead of turning back as the aircraft do now.

“Maybe in the future this kind of action will be like the frog being cooked in boiling water,” said Shu Hsiao-huang, a researcher at Taiwan’s Institute for National Defense and Security Research. “This kind of harassment may become the norm.”

China’s Strategy in the Skies Near Taiwan

Military aircraft incursions into Taiwan’s Air Defense Identification Zone between Aug. 2 and Aug. 21.

Map of Chinese military aircraft flying into Taiwan’s ADIZ


Air Defense



Taiwan Strait

median line


Air Defense



Taiwan Strait

median line

Source: Taiwan Ministry of National Defense.

In the first three weeks of this month, China dispatched more than 600 military aircraft to buzz the airspace near the island, an unprecedented jump in these flights.

“As the United States and external forces, including Taiwan independence forces, make constant provocations, exercises will become more intense and more frequent, broader in time and scope,” said Song Zhongping, a military commentator in Beijing who is a former Chinese military officer.

China has in recent years made more and more military flights into Taiwan’s Air Defense Identification Zone, a space bigger than the island’s sovereign airspace, as a controlled way of demonstrating Beijing’s anger with Taiwan. Now, by intruding daily into the zone, China’s forces are also potentially attempting to wear down Taiwanese air force planes and pilots. Among the flights recorded by Taiwan this month, many have been fighter jets, but surveillance planes, helicopters and other craft have also been identified.

Chinese Warplanes

Since China announced its military exercises on Aug. 2, military aircraft incursions have greatly intensified.

Chart of Chinese aircraft incursions into Taiwan’s ADIZ.

China announces

military exercises

China announces

military exercises

Source: Taiwan Ministry of National Defense.

In August 2022, 251 of the Chinese warplanes that flew into Taiwan’s Air Defense Identification Zone were not identified by model type in data released by Taiwan. Data is through August 21.

China’s leaders have long said that they want to absorb Taiwan peacefully. Even so, as Beijing grows more anxious about Taiwan and about deterring the United States from supporting the island, its displays of force may intensify. Even if no side wants a war, there is a growing risk of a superpower confrontation that could ultimately lay waste to Taiwan.

“The Chinese have a political problem in that every time they feel compelled to make a really big political statement like this, they have to do more than they did before,” said Lonnie Henley, a former U.S. intelligence officer specializing in China’s military who now lectures at George Washington University. “I worry that at some point they’re going to run out of headroom for doing ever-louder saber rattling.”